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Whole Body Vibration Therapy Exerciser

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Research
 


   Whole Body Vibration Research

Each of the PDF files in the column below will open in their own window for your convenience.

   * Balance

Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients

Controlled whole body vibrations to decrease fall risk

Vibration therapy improves walk balance in elderly

Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance

Postural leaning and pain


   * Bone Density

Effect of 6 month whole body vibration training on hip density

Mechanical stimulation in the form of vibration prevents postmenopausal bone loss

Estrogen and bone muscle strength

Bone and space flight


   * Hormones

Hormonal responses to whole body vibration in men


   * Motor neurons + Neural Adaptations

The sites of neural adaptation induced by resistance training

Effect of whole body vibration stimulus and voluntary contraction on motoneuron pool


   * Muscles

Adaptive responses to human skeletal to muscles to vibration exposure

Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance

The influence of whole body vibration on the mechanical behavior of skeletal muscle

Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume


   * Performance

Trends in Training Science - the use of vibrations for enhancing performance


   * Strength

Strength increase after whole body vibration compared with resistance training

Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes

   * Wellness & Health

Controlled whole-body vibrations improve health-related quality-of-life in elderly patients

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 


Whole Body Vibration (WBV) Body Effects

Muscles

The effect of vibration results in what scientific literature calls 'Tonic Vibration Reflex' or 'TVR'. That is a repeated myotatic reflex or stretch reflex. This means that the vibrated muscle has to work very hard, while the subject or player using whole body vibration does nothing other than balance on the platform. The effect per pulsation is like that of the knee jerk reflex. This muscle activity can be measured by use of electromyography (EMG). For example, in a one repetition maximum effort, the muscle(s) involved are activated 100% voluntarily. However with vibration training on WholeBodyVibe™ the muscles work at 200 to 300% of this IRM activation. This is an ideal way to train, especially when the muscle does not function properly, for example with weakened muscles in the elderly, or after injuries.

Hormones

Research shows that after vibration training, just one session, there is a high excretion of Testosterone and Growth Hormone. There is also a drop in the stress hormone cortisol. This combination has favorable effects on muscle protein synthesis.

Effect of vibration training on Hormones:
• Testosterone: + 7%
• Human Growth Hormone: + 460%
• Cortisol: - 32%
(Source: Bosco et al 2000)

Increases in Testosterone and Growth Hormone are important in the functioning of both body and mind. Many complaints of the elderly can be traced to a decrease in these hormones. It is essentially these hormones, together with the female hormone estrogen, which are used to combat geriatric complaints so that it is possible to still enjoy life and vitality even when one has reached old age.

Bones

Bone decalcification (osteoporosis) is one of the biggest health problems especially in the elderly and women population. Many elderly people break their bones more easily when they fall because of bone decalcification; the hip is the most notorious in this respect. The onset of osteoporosis is partly due to a lack of movement, which causes muscles to gradually weaken, the circulation to diminish and the bones to be inadequately used.

In addition, as a result of the ageing process, the body produces less hormones such as testosterone, estrogen and growth hormone. Yet it is exactly these hormones which play such an important role in the maintenance of strong bones.

The advice usually given to sufferers of this disease is to take more exercise, but that is difficult when muscles are weak, particularly in the legs.

WHOLEBODYViBE offers a good alternative to vigorous impact exercise. Through vibration the muscles automatically become stronger and regain their tone. The circulation improves because the blood vessels in the legs are wide open due to the vibration. At the same time, the pulsation gives a direct stimulus to bone tissue, which in turn stimulates the production of new bone tissue.

Scientific research shows that vibration training can help against osteoporosis. Recent findings show that even after only one vibration treatment, there is an increase in the hormone testosterone and growth hormone, which are so essential for strong bones.

About Bone Density

Without the force of gravity pulling on the skeleton, astronauts lose bone at the rate of 0.2% per month. Conversely, a professional tennis player may have 30% more bone on his playing arm. Unfortunately, most of us tend to simulate the life of an astronaut rather than the life of an athlete. As a result, one gets increasingly weaker over time.

Decades of scientific studies support the effect of gentle vibration on increasing bone density. Most recently, in one study on WBV, adult sheep were treated with vibration to their hind legs for 20 minutes a day. The vibrating sheep had 30% more bone in their legs than did untreated animals after one year.

To build bone, you have to beat it up. You have to punish your skeleton a bit. Low-impact activities such as walking, swimming, and cycling are good for your heart and muscle tone, but they don't do much for your bones.

High-impact activities, such as running and weightlifting, build bone. Shocks to bone only make it stronger. Bone is living tissue, and it responds to your activities. Mechanical stress—the impact of your feet pounding pavement, the weight of a barbell, or the shock that travels up your arm when you whack a baseball—creates microscopic fractures. Your bone not only repairs the tiny fractures, but it also responds by building more bone on top of them.

Post-menopausal women are the most at risk for losing bone. The end result can be osteoporosis: bones so brittle that even the stress of ordinary activities can snap them. But, men aren't immune. The rapid bone loss that leads to osteoporosis starts about 10 years later in men than in women—around the age of 60.

And, it is never too early to start. Clinicians and researchers feel that it is crucial to build up as much bone as you can during the first 20-30 years of your life, so that when you reach the age when bone loss accelerates, the effect won't be devastating.

It’s a little like investing in the stock market:  If you have a million dollars and you lose 90% of it in a market crash, you're still left with more than most people earn in a year. But, if you've only invested $10,000, what's left probably couldn't cover a month's rent.

Neurotransmitters

Parkinson's disease is an example of a deficiency in dopamine, which is the reason that L-Dopa is given as medicine. It is also recognized that serotonin plays a role in our mood, or frame of mind. A shortage of serotonin in the brain can lead to depression, which is the reason that Prozac is given as a medicine in order to increase the serotonin content in the brain. From research, it appears that vibration training also influences the neurotransmitters and the way in which they work. Vibration training increases the serotonin content in the brain, which could possibly explain why one feels so well after vibration training.

Blood Vessels

The effect of vibration training on the blood vessels is clear to see and to feel. After training, one often sees that the skin of the lower leg is colored pink. This is a sign that the blood vessels in that area are wide open. It also explains the feeling which many describe as: coming home after a snowball fight with your bare hands, and then putting your hands in a bucket of warm water. A tingling feeling which indicates that your blood vessels are wide open. In Germany, the effect of vibration training is used as therapy for a disturbed peripheral circulation, particularly in the lower legs, such as in chronic venous insufficiency.

Nervous System

The effect on the muscles is reflexively activated via the nervous system. With vibration training, it seems as if pulsations awaken the nerve tract, which could explain the positive effects of vibration training in partial paralysis. In fact, good results have been reported in the experimental treatment of, for example, MS patients.

Cartilage

It is already recognized that intermittent pressure stimulates optimal functioning of the cartilage. This cause the synovial fluid, or synovia, to be repeatedly pumped between the cartilage, just like a sponge which is constantly squeezed under water. This intermittent pressure maintains and improves cartilage function.

Click here for information about rebuilding collagen.

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